It is possible to come for diagnostics of cancer to any of German Clinics. Medical centers in Germany have excellent diagnostic base. Such methods as positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are used for accurate and timely diagnosis of cancer in German hospitals. Cancer diagnostics of in Germany is a complex procedure.
Using laboratory studies diagnostics of cancer can be carried out. First of all, it is necessary to give for tests the samples of gastric juice, stool, blood and urine. If blood has been found in the sputum, stool or urine, it is an important indicator of likely cancer. Another important factor is increasing anemia. Such laboratory studies as biochemical methods also can be used for the cancer diagnostics, as they help to see the chemical changes in your body.
For example, for localized tumor it is possible to find cancer in 20% of patients using biochemical methods. In the case of metastatic prostate cancer, using biochemical methods 75% of patients can be diagnosed with cancer. Pancreatic cancer can be identified by the increased level of amylase. Biochemical methods help to reveal the presence of certain hormones (e.g., progesterone, corticosteroids, estradiol, testosterone) in the tumor tissue. The methods of molecular biology and genetic analyses are used for cancer diagnostics. The impact of some genetic disorders could be the basis of tumor development. Laboratory studies reveal some specific markers, that become a basis for creating new tests helping to carry out the diagnostics of cancer.
Ultrasound of internal organs is also applicable for the diagnosis of cancer. Sonography (or ultrasonic tomography) is used for the diagnostics of gallbladder cancer, bladder cancer, adrenal gland cancer, kidney cancer, liver cancer, uterus cancer, pancreas head cancer, and prostate cancer. Furthermore, using ultrasonic cancer diagnostics it is possible to examine the thyroid gland. With help of ultrasound, a diagnostician can perform a directed puncture of malignant tumor. Doppler sonography as diagnostic method for cancer has become very popular. It is based on ultrasound with the Doppler effect. Applying the above technique in cancer diagnostics, makes it possible to see the speed and direction of blood flow in the vessels. This method helps to learn more on the size of the tumor. It is worth noting, that the ultrasound imaging in cancer diagnosis is safe and simple technique, and that is the reason why this method is commonly used in the diagnosis of cancer.
For diagnostics of oncological diseases many clinics in Germany applies tumor marker researches. Tumor markers are specific bio substances found in urine and blood of cancer patients. Those substances appear as result of activity both cancerous and normal cells. The structure of tumor markers is quite diverse. In fact, they are proteins or their derivatives. Some of tumor markers is specific to the only type of cancer, whilst the others tumor markers can be detected with different types of cancers. To diagnose cancer using tumor markers test the patient's urine/ blood sample is taken and, then, specific antibodies are added to the sample. Those components together with tumor markers form an antigen-antibody complex, which can be detected using special techniques. In some cases, tumor markers are not associated with proteins and could be detected using other methods of cancer diagnosis. For example, upon detection of NMP22 and BTA-specific markers for suspected bladder cancer, then, a biopsy, cystoscopy and urine cytology might be appointed to a patient.
It is possible to use X-Rays for cancer diagnostics. Examination by means of X-Rays is one of the most common for diagnosis of lung cancer, stomach cancer, and colon cancer. At present, there are some special methods using X-Rays machines for diagnostics, as bronchography and angiography. Large frame fluoroscopy allows a diagnosis of cancer in the population. This is one of the basic methods, which is held for the purpose of prevention. It is worth to make an X-ray of lungs once a year.
For cancer diagnostics mammography can be used. Mammary gland is examined with low doses of X-rays. Images are made while squeezing the breast gently. Mammography, as a cancer diagnostic method, is good because it makes it possible to notice even the smallest hardening in the breast, which cannot be felt by touch. It is strongly recommended for women who have reached forty-five to have mammography screening every year.
For the diagnostics of cancer, computed tomography is used. This method makes it possible to see the condition of the various parts of the body. On a display, it is possible to observe a plurality of transverse projections of the patient's body for a small amount of time. Unfortunately, this method is ineffective, when necessary to get a picture of large spots in the longitudinal and in the frontal projections.
MRI produces images based on the signal that comes from the nucleus magnetic resonance. When using a computer tomography, tissues absorb X-rays. Tracking the spatial location of the nucleus of hydrogen and phosphorus, with MRI it is possible to locate the tumor accurately.
There are latest equipment for cancer diagnostic in our clinic; we use the most effective and modern methods of treatment successfully proven. Highly experienced doctors of our clinic will perform diagnostics and treatment authentically and accurately. Turning to the specialists of our clinic you will get the most potent treatment, but it is important to come timely to have better chances for complete cure and go back for normal life.