Esophageal cancer is a malignant tumor. Esophageal cancer is on the fourteenth position among the different kinds of cancer. Esophageal cancer occurs most often in men than in women. Observed, that the populations of the eastern and northern states are more susceptible to that particular kind of cancer.
There are five stages of esophageal cancer. At zero stage the tumor is too small; it is located inside of the esophagus in its upper layers. Other organs and lymph nodes are not yet affected.
The most common stages of esophageal cancer are: the first, second, and third. The tumor grows in depth, and there is a high probability of periesophageal lymph nodes lesion.
In the fourth stage, the esophageal cancer extends to the bones, lungs, liver and other organs.
There are some subtle signs by which we can tell the presence of esophageal cancer. Those are increase in weakness, loss of weight and appetite, and decreased workability. The process of swallowing food worsens, as lesser saliva is produced. A patient chews with a significant amount of water and, thus, gets rid of the pain. However, while the disease progresses, the symptoms of thirst and constant difficulties with swallowing become permanent.
Weight is reduced not due to the fact that toxic substances are distinguished from the tumor, but for reasons of reducing food and fluid entry into the patient. Significant signs of this disease are coated tongue, bad taste in the mouth, coughing when swallowing liquid food, choking, nausea, regurgitation, and bad breath.
Treatment of esophageal cancer is highly effective when the patient is at zero or in the first stage of the disease. In this case, it is possible to cure about 90% of patients with esophageal cancer. Treatment in the second and third stages is already much more complicated, but the chances of a positive outcome of the treatment are still quite high. In the fourth stage, the treatment of esophageal cancer is almost impossible.
First, a doctor listens to customer complaints and conducts a primary examination. Then, there are a number of modern method of diagnostics used in the Clinic.
Esophagoscopy is a main instrumental method allowing to examine the esophagus and reveal esophageal cancer. The esophageal mucosa is checked up with esophagoscope. The procedure is normally done on an empty stomach or after six hours of ingestion. Х-ray examination is used for esophagus examining. Х-ray images help to determine the extent and localization of the tumor. X-rays indicate the degree of mucous relief structure lesion, and also give an opportunity to see how the cancer invaded the esophageal lumen.
Endoscopic ultrasound is also used in the diagnosis. It allows you to estimate the depth of tumor ingrowth and check the lymph nodes.
PET allows you to see distant locations affected by cancer.
For the diagnosis can be used computed tomography. It will provide additional information on the tumor and allow to determine, whether the tumors are in the lymph nodes or in the lungs, as well as to learn about sprouting cancer to the neighboring organs.
Modern methods of treatment in Germany are chemotherapy, surgery, radiation, and combined treatment. Surgical treatment is a main method of treatment. An important condition for applying of surgery is the absence of metastases. Treatment is as follows: the tumor and the most of the affected organ are removed during the surgery. There are some cases, when the diseased organ are removed totally and replaced with the prosthesis.
Radiotherapy is used before surgery to reduce the size of the tumor. This kind of treatment might be used and postoperatively to avoid relapses.
Radiological method can also be used as an alternative to surgery. In order to achieve greater effect the method is often combined with chemotherapy. Chemotherapy may be used both separately and in conjunction with radiation therapy.
Brachytherapy is also can be applied. When using that method, the irradiation source is placed in the esophageal lumen. Procedure is done by using the probe or through the endoscope. A source of radiation is located at the same level as the tumor. The two ways of radiotherapy can be combined for better results.
According to the medical stats, men are more prone to esophageal cancer. Accurate diagnosis is provided using PET, CT, X-ray, esophagoscopy. Treatment is carried out by means of surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and combined method.
Highly qualified doctors in clinics of Germany ensure an effective treatment. If you turn to the Clinic early enough, you will get a high probability of recovery. The clinic has the most modern and quality equipment and all the facilities for careful examination and treatment of your disease.